It has been proven that age is only a number even though looking young and feeling young are completely different terms. Moreover, we know that gray hair, wrinkles, sagging skin greatly affect the way in which we look ourselves as we get older. Wrinkles usually appear on the neck, the face, the top of forearms and the back of hands.

A great number of people spend lots of money on commercial anti-aging products, which are not effective at all. However, as we get older and realize the causes of aging, we begin to understand that some natural treatments and lifestyle changes can help us slow down the aging process.

CAUSES OF WRINKLES

It is really important to know what the causes of wrinkles are. When you realize the causes of wrinkles, you will be able to slow down aging and to spend money on unbeneficial commercial anti-aging products.

THE SCIENCE OF AGING SKIN

As we get older, the skin gets more fragile and elastic as a result of low collagen production, a protein that provides kin flexibility, elastin and structure. In addition, the fat in the deep layers in the skin is also lowered, as well as the natural oils that improve skin hydration. The decreases production of natural oils, collagen and fat, makes the skin thinner, dry and loose, which in turn causes wrinkles and sagginess.

However, the biological factors that cause skin aging have a minimal impact in the aging process. Namely, the environmental and lifestyle factors are the main contributors to increased aging.

FACTORS THAT CAUSE WRINKLES

• Exposure to sun

The main factor that increases skin aging is the ultraviolet (UV) ray exposure. In fact, the UV rays breaks down the elasticin fiber and collagen in the deep dermis layers in the skin. If connective tissue support is deficient, it causes decrease in the skin flexibility and strength. Sun exposure also leads to discoloration and skin spots related to the aging process.

In order to protect from harmful UV rays you should use sunscreen and wear protective clothes. Even though our body needs sun exposure in order to get the daily recommended daily dose of vitamin D, we should protect ourselves from sun exposure by wearing protective clothes, brimmed hats and sunscreen.

• Repeated facial expressions

If you do not make facial expression, you are more likely not to get skin wrinkles. When we repeat some facial expressions, like smiling or frowning, a groove created under the surface of the skin. When the flexibility and elastin fiber decrease with time, the skin is not able to bounce back, so skin lines are formed.

Even though we cannot avoid making facial expressions, we can avoid squinting by wearing reading glasses or sunglasses.

• Smoking

It is thought that smoking increases the aging process, particularly aging of the skin. In addition, it is considered that smoking affects the supply of blood to the skin, which makes it look dull and older. Moreover, smoking is thought to deprive the body from the essential nutrients that are necessary for skin health.

In order to slow down the aging process, you should give up smoking.

Other factors that cause wrinkles include:

• Poor diet and nutrition
• Poor skin care
• Sedentary life
• Pollution
• Rapid weight loss
• Dehydration
• Genetics
• Stress
• Free radical damage

CAN WE SLOW DOWN AGING AND GET RID OF WRINKLES?

We cannot prevent aging, but we can slow it down. In fact, we can reduce wrinkles and fine lines to some extent, but as time passes, we all get older.

There are numerous steps that we can take to enhance our skin health. The most important step to take is to make some lifestyle changes.

• Eat a healthy diet and include more fruits and vegetables in your diet
• Consume more olive oil, nuts and avocado.
• Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated
• Do regular exercise. It enhances proper body functioning and blood flow. Moreover, sweating is a great way to detox your body from toxins.
• Improve sleep quality. It is essential for slowing down the aging process.
• Avoid consuming alcohol and sugar. Alcohol dehydrates the body, whereas sugar has side effects on the overall health, particularly on the skin.

CONVENTIONAL TREATMENTS OF WRINKLES

There are a great number of prescriptions and surgery treatments for getting rid of wrinkles. They differ in their effectiveness and the risk they impose on the overall health. Here are some of them:

• Botox
• Chemical peel
• Soft tissue filters
• Microdermabrasion and dermabrasion
• Laser
• Over-the-counter wrinkle creams and prescription retinoid

Not only these prescriptions and surgery treatments are ineffective and expensive, but they also have numerous side effects, including: redness, scarring, discoloration and slow healing.

NATURAL TREATMENTS FOR AGING SKIN

As we have said before, natural treatments are not only expensive and ineffective, but they also have numerous side effects on the overall health. The first step you should take to improve skin health is to make some lifestyle changes, avoid sun exposure and give up smoking.

In addition, in combination with a healthy diet and regular exercise, you can also try some natural topical treatments, which will rejuvenate your skin, get rid of wrinkles and slow down aging. Some of the most common wrinkle treatments include:

• Coconut oil

Coconut oil contains lauric acid, which moisturizes the skin. It also has antibacterial ad antifungal properties. Coconut oil hydrates the skin and enhances the skin healing, which in turn gets rid of scars, marks and wrinkles.

• Olive oil

Olive oil is rich in vitamins, minerals, and proteins that rejuvenate the skin. In addition, olive oil keeps skin elasticity and prevents wrinkles and fine lines.

• Argan oil

Argan oil has anti-aging properties, due to its high amounts of linoleic acid, omega-6 fats, antioxidants, vitamin A and vitamin E. Moreover, vitamin E contains tocopherol, which stimulates the reproduction of cells in the skin. If you apply olive oil on the skin, it will moisturize your skin and prevent inflammation.

• Jojoba oil

Jojoba oil contains zinc, copper, chromium, silicon, B-complex vitamins, and vitamin E, which rejuvenate the skin and prevent skin damage. Jojoba oil texture is like sebum’s, the natural oil of the skin. When the sebum production decreases, jojoba oil keeps the skin moisturized and young. Jojoba oil is also rich in antioxidants and boosts up collagen synthesis, which prevents wrinkles and fine lines.

• Fenugreek

Fenugreek seeds, leaves and oil acts as an antidote for various skin issues, including wrinkles. The fenugreek leaves contain minerals and vitamins, which are easily absorbed by the body, and treat fine lines and wrinkles.

• Propolis

Propolis contains antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, Propolis has been used to treat absences, wounds and other skin issues. Propolis also rejuvenates the skin and makes it fresh.

• Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera has malic acid, which prevents wrinkles and improves skin elasticity.

• Royal jelly

Royal jelly is essential for queen bee and larvae growth. It also contains amino acids and minerals that are necessary for cellular protection. Royal jelly also slows down the aging process.

• Evening primrose oil

The evening primrose oil contains omega-6 fats, which keep the structure and resilience of the skin and prevent age-stimulated water loss in the skin. The primrose oil also has antioxidants, which help in the prevention of inflammation and reduction of fine lines, skin roughness and dark circles around the eyes.

• Ginger

Ginger acts as an anti-wrinkle treatment, due to its high amounts of antioxidants. In addition, ginger aids the inhibition of elastin breakout, the main cause of fine lines and wrinkles.

• Pure beeswax

The pure beeswax has natural fatty acids, which keep the skin smooth and hydrated. In addition, it also contains healing and antibiotic properties, which enhance skin health.

• Raw Hawaiian honey

Not only raw Hawaiian honey contains minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and nutrients, but its flowers also boost up the production of collagen.

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