One of the functions of our body is to protect itself. For example, if there is bleeding or a cut, the blood gets thinker in order to prevent bleeding. Nevertheless, the cause of these blood clots is not known and it can cause heart stroke or heart attack. Here are some symptoms of blood clots that you should be aware of.

WHAT DOES A BLOOD CLOT REPRESENT?

Blood clots represent clumps of blood, which has transformed from a liquid to a semisolid or gel-like state, formed by fibrin and platelets to prevent bleeding. If a blood clot if formed in our body, it does not dissolve alone. For this reason, it can be a really life-threatening health issue. When a blood clot forms in the veins, it causes deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which is most common is the legs. However, it can also occur in the arms, lungs, pelvis and the brain. Namely, if a blood clot breaks down and gets to the lungs or heart through the veins, it may get stuck there and prevent blood flow.

• Pain and tenderness in the legs

It is one of the most common symptoms of blood clots. Other symptoms of blood clots in the legs are bluish or pale discoloration, burning sensation, tenderness, and swelling of the legs. These symptoms vary on the clot size.

• Swelling in the legs

Swelling may cause vein thrombosis. In case of vein thrombosis, the oxygen and blood flow is blocked. If you notice this symptom, you should consult a doctor.

• Shortness of breath and lightheartedness

Even though blood clots are less common in the heart, they sometimes can occur. A blood clots in the heart leads to chest pain, as well as shortness of breath and lightheartedness.

• Pain in the chest

Chest pain is a symptom of blood clots in the lungs. If you notice this symptom, you should consult a doctor.

• Abdominal pain

A blood clot in the abdomen is manifested with swelling and abdominal pain. However, these may be also symptoms of food poisoning or stomach virus.

• Breathing difficulties

If a blood clot appears in the lungs it is known as a pulmonary embolism (PE). Shortness of breath as well as difficult breathing are symptoms of blood clots in the lungs. If you experience coughing blood, chest pain and increased heart rate or palpitations, you should consult a doctor.

• Red streaks on the veins

Blood clots can be manifested as skin bruises. If you notice red bruises on the skin, you should consult a doctor.

• Unexplained cough

If there is no reason for your coughing, you should take care of your heart beat and breathing. If you notice some symptoms, you should consult a doctor.

WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS OF BLOOD CLOTS?

The risk of getting blood clots is increased with some factors, such as:

• Smoking
• Obesity
• Cancer
• Certain medications, like birth control pills
• History of blood clots (genetics factors)
• Pregnancy
• High blood pressure
• Heart conditions, like a heart rhythm imbalance and atria fibrillation
• Diabetes
• High cholesterol levels
• Age, particularly over the age of 65
• Long travels, when you have to sit for a long period of time or being sedentary

Blood clots can be deathly. In case you notice some of the symptoms mentioned above, you should consult a doctor immediately.