An Edible Mushroom That Eats Plastic Will Clean Our Landfills In Future
Plastic materials are widely used in all forms and can be found literally everywhere. Unfortunately, they are destroying our water supplies and landfills. Gradually plastic becomes a mortal threat to the whole planet.
Plastic is highly detrimental for human health too. These are the most common dangers of using it:
- Plastic chemicals can disfigure male genitals before birth
- It increases the risk of developing asthma in childhood
- Its chemicals can reduce female libido
- It affects the hormonal balance in the body
However, in 2012 scientists from Yale University have found a rare type of fungus which resides in the Amazon’s rainforest. It is called Pestalotiopsis microspora and it feeds on plastic, thus converting it into organic matter.
Moreover, this fungus can survive without oxygen too.
This means that it can clean our landfills and protects them from the toxicity of plastic. Some of its kin is considered safe for human consumption. Namely, scientists from the Utrecht University placed such fungi in agar cups filled with plastic waste. After a month, the fungi’s roots had converted the plastic waste into a biomass food substance, edible and free of toxins. What’s more, its taste was described as appealing.
The benefits of this type of fungus are limitless. Managing and destroying plastic is one of the most difficult challenges the humankind will ever face. However, this small fungus can make the plastic natural decomposition to happen in a few months instead of 400 years.