Around 20 million people in the United States have some form of thyroid diseases. More than 60 percent of these people are unaware of their medical problem. This data comes from the ATA or American Thyroid Association.

The thyroid gland has a butterfly-like shape. It produces hormones and regulates the metabolism of our body. It also influences every single cell, tissue and organ inside the body. The location of the thyroid gland is in the middle of the lower part of the neck.

Women suffer from thyroid problems more frequently than men. The common thyroid disorders are thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism, thyroiditis and hypothyroidism. Most of the thyroid disorders are genetic.

If you have a problem with your thyroid gland, your metabolism can be affected. This also increases the chances of suffering from infertility, osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases.

Most types of thyroid problems are life-long conditions. Fortunately, they can be managed easily with lifestyle and dietary changes, as well as medical diagnosis, attention and treatment.

The following things should not be done by a person that suffers from some type of thyroid problem.

• Not paying attention to stress management

People who suffer from thyroid problems must manage stress. Actually, excessive amounts of stress can make an existing thyroid condition worse.

According to research, stress is one of the major environmental factors when it comes to thyroid autoimmunity.

The body releases a hormone called cortisol when it is exposed to stress. The production of hormone by the thyroid gland can be negatively affected by the presence of large amounts of cortisol.

Eating a healthy diet, restorative yoga, massages, deep breathing and meditations can be effective techniques that can help you deal with stress.

• Smoking

For a person suffering from a thyroid condition, smoking or even just being exposed to secondhand smoke can be dangerous. According to research, cigarettes increase the risks of suffering from clinically overt thyroid disease.

Furthermore, cumulative consumption of cigarettes increases the chances of autoimmune thyroid disease.

The smoke of cigarettes contains cyanide, a compound that acts as an antithyroid agent. Cyanide directly inhibits hormone synthesis and the uptake of iodine. Furthermore, several other compounds that are found in smoke can negatively affect the function of the thyroid gland.

People who suffer from thyroid problems should avoid cigarette smoke in order to prevent further development of their thyroid symptoms.

• Forgetting about regular check-ups and medications

It is highly recommended by doctors to treat thyroid problems with proper medications. You should always take the prescribed medications and follow the doctor’s instructions. The prescribed therapy and the recommended lifestyle changes can bring your thyroid hormone levels back to normal.

You should not stop taking the prescribed medications even when you feel well. You should also never take medications on your own without consulting a medical professional because this can seriously affect the health of your thyroid gland.

You should also get a TSH or thyroid stimulating hormone blood test done on a regular basis. This test compares the hormone levels of your thyroid gland with the normal, healthy levels. This test is usually done once or twice a year and is an effective way to tract the thyroid hormone levels.

• Drinking morning coffee and taking a thyroxine tablet

If you are prescribed with thyroxine tablets for the treatment of a certain thyroid condition, you should now that these tablets work best if taken on an empty stomach. In this way, they are absorbed better.

You should take your pills in the morning, half an hour or an hour before breakfast. You can also take the medicine as the last thing at night, two or three hours before going to sleep.

You should also know that it is best to take the medicine every day at the same time or when the doctor told you. Having this type of routine will help you not forget to take a dose.

• Consuming a lot of raw cruciferous veggies

Consuming raw cruciferous vegetables in excessive amounts can be dangerous for people suffering from thyroid problems. This is especially important thing to know by people with insufficient intake of iodine or iodine deficiency.

Raw cruciferous vegetables contain glucosinolates, which are compounds that negatively affect the synthesis of the thyroid hormone. Cruciferous vegetables are sweet potatoes, cabbage, bok choy, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, Swiss chard and spinach.

This is the reason why you should consume cruciferous vegetables in moderate amounts and especially avoid them if they are raw.

• Ignoring the negative side soy products

Besides not consuming raw cruciferous vegetables in large amounts, you should also not consume products that contain soy until you consult a medical professional. Soy and soy products contain goitrogenic compounds and phytoestrogens that can negatively affect the function of your thyroid gland. They also affect the body’s ability to absorb the hormone produced by the thyroid gland.

These are the reason why you should limit the intake of soy products and soy. You should also not take soy supplements, genetically engineered soy products and soy junk products, such as soy burgers, soy cheese, soy ice cream and soy oil.